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2018年河南经贸职业学院单独招生 《英语》考试大纲及样卷(普通类)

作者:河南单招网 时间:2019-08-24 15:32:16 10次

摘要:2018年河南经贸职业学院单独招生《英语》考试大纲及样卷(普通类)河南经贸职业学院单独招生普通类《英语》考试大纲依据中华人民共和国教育部颁布的《普通高中课程方案(实验)》和《普通高中英语课程标准(实验)》,确定本考试要求及考试内容。主要考查考生英语基础知识和基本技能,着重考查考生在日常生活和职业场

2018年河南经贸职业学院单独招生《英语》考试大纲及样卷(普通类)

河南经贸职业学院单独招生普通类《英语》考试大纲依据中华人民共和国教育部颁布的《普通高中课程方案(实验)》和《普通高中英语课程标准(实验)》, 确定本考试要求及考试内容。主要考查考生英语基础知识和基本技能,着重考查考生在日常生活和职业场景中的英语应用能力,以及考生进入高等院校继续学习所必需的英语能力,推进高职院校全面实施素质教育。

一、考试内容与要求

(一)语言知识

1. 能够掌握约2200个英语单词和400个习惯用语或固定搭配。

2. 能够掌握并能运用英语语音基础知识,掌握英语单词的基本拼读规则以及句子重音、英语语调等内容。

3. 能够理解并正确使用以下基本英语语法知识:

(1)名词:可数名词及其单复数、不可数名词、专用名词、名词所有格

(2)代词:人称代词、物主代词、反身代词、指示代词、不定代词、疑问代词

(3)数词:基数词、序数词

(4)介词和介词短语

(5)连词

(6)形容词(比较级和最高级)

(7)副词(比较级和最高级)

(8)冠词

(9)动词:动词的基本形式、系动词、及物动词和不及物动词、助动词、情态动词

(10)时态:一般现在时、一般过去时、一般将来时、现在进行时、过去进行时、过去将来时、将来进行时、现在完成时、过去完成时、现在完成进行时

(11)被动语态

(12)非谓语动词:动词不定式、动词的-ing形式、动词的-ed形式

(13)构词法:合成法、派生法、转化法、缩写和简写

(14)句子种类:陈述句、疑问句、祈使句、感叹句

(15)句子成分:主语、谓语、表语、宾语、定语、状语、补语

(16)简单句的基本句型

(17)主谓一致

(18)并列复合句

(19)主从复合句:宾语从句、状语从句、定语从句、主语从句、表语从句

(20)间接引语

(21)省略

(22)倒装

(23)强调

(24)虚拟语气

4. 能够掌握以下日常生活及通用职业场景下的基本交际用语。

(1) 问候与道别(Greeting and saying goodbye)
(2) 引荐与介绍(Introducing oneself and others)
(3) 感谢与道歉(Expressing thanks and making apologies)
(4) 预约与邀请(Making appointments and invitations)
(5) 祝愿与祝贺(Expressing wishes and congratulations)
(6) 求助与提供帮助(Asking for and offering help)
(7) 赞同与反对(Expressing agreement and disagreement)
(8) 接受与拒绝(Accepting and rejecting)
(9) 询问与提供信息(Seeking and offering information)
(10)劝告与建议(Giving advice and making suggestions)

(二)语言运用

1. 完形填空:了解完形填空题的命题特点,掌握简单的完形填空题的解题思路与解题步骤,使补足后的短文意思通顺,结构完整。

2. 阅读理解:了解阅读理解题的命题特点,掌握此题型的基本解题思路与解题步骤。能读懂书、报、杂志中关于一般性话题的简短文段以及公告、说明、广告等,并能从中获取相关信息。要求:  

(1)理解一般文章的篇章结构; 

(2)理解文中具体信息; 

(3)理解主旨和要义;

(4)理解作者的观点、意图和态度; 

(5)根据上下文和构词法猜测词义;

(6)根据文中信息进行简单的判断、推理。

3. 句子改错:了解改错题的命题特点,掌握简单的改错题的解题思路与解题步骤,要求考生选出词法、句法、行文逻辑等错误。

4. 书面表达:能够根据所给提示与要求完成一篇100词左右的作文,尤其注重应用文书写能力的考查,如申请、通知、活动安排、简介等。要求:

(1)准确使用英语语法,选用恰当的词汇、句型;

(2)清楚、连贯、完整地表达自己的意思;

(3)格式、行文正确,书写规范。

二、考试形式与试卷结构

1. 考试形式:闭卷、笔试。

2. 时间与分值:《英语》考试时间共60分钟,满分100分。

3. 试题类型

《英语》试题分为单项选择、完形填空、阅读理解、句子改错和书面表达五种题型。单项选择、完形填空、阅读理解和句子改错是客观题,只需写出唯一的选项即可。书面表达为主观题,需考生认真书写每个单词和句子。

题 号

题   型

  题  量

分  值

单项选择

15

15

完形填空

20

20

阅读理解

15

30

用所给单词的适当形式填空

10

20

书面表达

1

15

 

三、《英语》考试样卷

一、单项选择 (每小题1分,共15分)

1.Mary spent one month _________ her term paper on Chinese poems.

   A. to write  B. and wrote  C. written   D. writing

2.The teacher insisted that we________ our homework before 9:00 o’clock.

   A. finished       B. had finished   C. finish             D. was finishing

3.---May I try the shirt on?

   ---______, but I think it will be too large for you.

   A. Believe it or not  B. By all means   C. With pleasure D. As you like

4.65% of the students ______that the number of private cars _______ increasing rapidly.

   A. agree; are   B. agrees; is   C. agrees; are D. agree; is

5.The new campus is ________ as the old one.

   A. twice as big                 B. as twice big

   C. twice big                     D. big as twice

6.The reason        he didn’t go to school yesterday was        he was sick.

   A.why;that      B.that;because  

C.that;that   D.for which;what

7.I have advised him not to do like that, but he still insists on doing it that way. I think he has his own opinion          .

    A. in all    B. above all   C. after all   D. first of all

8.---- Tom wants to be another Obama after he graduates from school.

---- That sounds great, but how can he ____ a person like him if he goes on like this?

A. change   B. turn    C. get    D. make

9.-Have you known him for a long time?   

-Yes, since he ________ here after graduation.

A. comes   B. came    C. has come   D. had come

10.We must begin testing this instrument, no matter         difficult it is.

   A. however         B. how           C. whatever       D. what

11. The hotel _______ we stayed was both cheap and comfortable. 
   A. when           B. at which        C. with which       D. since
12. I forgot _______ you something that I have long meant to ask you. 
   A. to be asking      B. having asked     C. to ask         D. to have asked

13. The bedroom needs _______.
   A. paint           B. to paint          C. to be painted    D. being painted

14. The price of apples _______ from $2 to $4 per kilo in supermarket.
   A. differed        B. ranged           C. changed        D. altered

15. At the beginning of this term, our English teacher _____a list of books for us to read.
   A. made out       B. turned out        C. handed in       D. passed on
二、完形填空(每小题1分,共20分)

There was a store a half hour’s walk from my apartment, and it was the cheapest place to buy food for us students studying abroad in France,   1   there was always a long checkout line. On a cold March day, I spent my time shopping, got what I needed and   2   the checkout.

  3  , the lines that day were long. There were people everywhere. I was standing   4  . in line because I just wasn’t that   5   my French yet. Any time that I had to   6   with the natives, I got a little nervous.

When my   7   came, I began to put my things on the cashier desk, hoping that the cashier wouldn’t   8   me. With nervous energy, I was shaking back and forth, but I didn’t even notice I was continually   9   a security alarm! (警报)

The entire store was watching me now. To my   10  , the store manager came to me a few moments later. She started to   11   me in French. Then she realized that I spoke no French. The next five minutes were spent   12   me: my backpack, my coat pockets, my jean pockets. And there were hands   13  . Everyone was looking, pointing, and   14  .[来源:学科网ZXXK]

I stood embarrassedly all the while; the   15   was still ringing out.

Then I   16   this had happened to me before in the States. New   17   always equal alarms. The clothes contain small sensors (传感器) that you are supposed to   18   before wearing. So I grabbed my shirt and turned it   19  . There was a “Remove Before Washing” tag in it.   20   I could say anything, the manager brought a pair of scissors and then cut off the tag.

I packed up my backpack, and marched out of the store with a strange mixture of embarrassment and pride.

 1. A. when     B. because     C. so     D. or

 2. A. headed for  B. looked for    C. asked   D. turned to

 3. A. In fact     B. Unexpectedly    C. As usual  D. Unluckily

 4. A. hopefully      B. thoughtfully  C. fearfully  D. nervously

 5. A. interested in B. confident about C. afraid of  D. strict with

 6. A. stay        B. play    C. study   D. communicate

 7. A. turn        B. time    C. bill   D. wait

 8. A. find        B. recognize   C. speak to  D. look at

 9. A. setting up   B. setting off   C. making up  D. making out

10. A. excitement  B. surprise   C. happiness  D. sadness

11. A. answer     B. help    C. question  D.understand

12. A. searching    B. catching   C. watching  D. greeting

13. A. somewhere  B. anywhere   C. nowhere  D. everywhere

14. A. smiling     B. whispering  C. worrying  D. upsetting

15. A. phone      B. bell    C. alarm   D. toy

16. A. explained    B. complained  C. remembered D. thought

17. A. trousers     B. clothes   C. backpacks  D. pockets

18. A. remove     B. check    C. buy   D. use

19. A. down       B. inside    C. off   D. outward

20. A. After       B. Before   C. As    D. When  

三、阅读理解 (每小题2分,共30分)

A

    A wealthy Persian Prince loved good stories. The older he grew,the fonder he became of them. But he always regretted they had to have an end. So he decided to give half his wealth and his beautiful daughter to the man who could tell him a story without an end. Anybody who failed would be sent to prison for life. The risk was so great that nobody came to the palace to tell the Prince a story for a whole year. Then one day a tall, handsome young man came and said he wanted to tell a story that would go on forever. The prince agreed but warned him what would happen if he failed. “The risk is worth the head of your fair daughter, ” the young man replied poetically(得体地). He then began this well-known story:

    “Once upon a time there was a certain King who feared famine. So he ordered his men to build an enormous storehouse, which he filled with corn. Then, when it was up, made water-proof and made fire-proof, the King felt happy. But one day he noticed a small hole in the roof and as he looked at it, a locust came out with a grain of corn. A minute later, another locust came out with another grain of corn. Then a third locust with another grain of corn. Then a fourth locust, flying at great speed, pushed through the hole and came out with two grains of corn. Then a fifth locust came and …”

    “Stop” shouted the Prince. “I can't,” answered the young man. “I must go on until I tell you what happened to each grain of the corn.”“But that will go on for ever.” The Prince protested. “Exactly” the young man replied, and he smiled as he turned towards the Prince's beautiful young daughter.

1. The Prince always felt regretted about story because _____.

    A. he had too much wealth         B. there was terrible famine

    C. all stories have ends            D. there was no story-teller

2. The young man risked to tell an endless story to the Prince for _____.

    A. a great sum                   B. the prince's beautiful daughter

    C. showing his bravery            D. Both A and C

3. The young man would be sent to prison _____ if he failed to tell a story without an end.

A. forever                      B. for some time    

C. for a while                   D. for a year

4. In order to prevent famine, the King asked to build _____.

    A. a huge storehouse              B. a large farm

    C. a beautiful palace               D. a waterproof kitchen

5. The thing the king noticed first in the roof was _____.

    A. a loaf     B. a small hole      C. a grain of corn    D. a locust

B

“Cool” is a word with many meanings. Its old meaning is used to express a temperature(温度) that is a little bit cold. As the world has changed, the word has had many different meanings.

“Cool” can be used to express feelings of interest in almost anything.

    When you see a famous car in the street, maybe you’ll say, “It’s cool.” You may think “he’s so cool” when you see your favorite footballer.

We all maximize(扩大) the meaning of “cool”. You can use it instead of many words such as “new” or “surprising”. Here’s an interesting story we can use to show the way how the word is used. A teacher asked her students to write about the waterfall(瀑布) they had visited. On one student’s paper was just one sentence, “It’s so cool.” Maybe he thought it was the best way to show what he saw and felt.

But the story also shows a scarcity(缺乏) of words. Without “cool”, some people have no words to show the same meaning. So it is quite important to keep some credibility(可信性). Can you think of many other words that make your life colorful as the word “cool”? I can. And I think they are also very cool.

6. We know that the word  “cool”  has had______.

    A. only one meaning           B. no meaning

    C. many different meanings     D. the same meaning

7. In the passage, the word “express” means “______”.

    A. see          B. show      C. know        D. feel

8. If you are ______ something, you may say “It’s cool.”

A. interested in               B. angry about   

C. afraid of                  D. unhappy with

9. The writer takes an example to show he is ______ the way the word is used.

A. pleased with              B. strange to    

C. worried about             D. careful with

10. In the passage, the writer suggests that the word “cool”_____.

    A. can be used instead of many words

B. usually means something interesting

C. can make your life colorful

D. may not be as cool as it seems

C

    In my long life I have seen many changes in our habits and customs and conditions in general. I think that you might be interested if I told you some of them.

    The world I entered at the age of eighteen when I became a medical student was a world that knew nothing of such advanced things as planes, films, radios or telephones. It was a very cheap world. Prices were stable. When I entered St. Thomas’ hospital I rent a set of rooms in Vincent square for which I paid 18 shillings a week. My landlady provided me with a very good breakfast before I went to the hospital and a dinner when I came back at half past six. I only had to pay for the breakfasts and dinners twelve shillings a week. For four-pence I lunched at St. Thomas’ on bread and butter and a glass of milk. I was able to live very well, pay my fees, buy my necessary instruments, clothe myself, and have a lot of fun on fourteen pounds a month. And I could always pawn my microscope for three pounds.

    I spent five years at St. Thomas’ hospital. I was a bad student, for my heart, as you might have guessed, was not in it. I wanted, I had always wanted to be a writer, and in the evenings, after my dinner, I wrote and read. Before long, I wrote a novel called “Liza of Lambeth”, which I sent to a publisher and was accepted. It came out during my last year at the hospital and it was successful. It was of course an accident, but I didn’t know that. I felt I could afford to give up medicine and make writing my profession; so, three days after I graduated from the school of medicine, I left for Spain to write another book, I did not realize, at that time, that I was taking a great risk.

11. The text is a talk given by the writer when ____.

    A. he was 18

    B. his first novel was published

    C. he graduated from the school of medicine

    D. he was at an advanced age

12. The author graduated from the school of medicine when he was ____.

    A. 18        B. 28       C. 23         D. 30

13. “And I could always pawn my microscope for three pounds” means the writer could always_____.

    A. exchange his microscope for three pounds

    B. borrow his microscope and pays three pounds

    C. have his microscope repaired with three pounds

    D. lend his microscope for three pounds

14. In the sentence “I was able to live very well, pay my fees, buy my necessary instruments, clothe myself...”, the word “clothe” means ____.

    A. wear clothes                 B. make clothes for

    C. wash clothes for              D. buy clothes for

15. The author wanted to be a writer because ____.

    A. he liked to take risks

    B. he found it easier to make a living by writing

    C. he was interesting in writing

    D. he could not study medicine well

四、用括号里所给单词的适当形式填空(每小题2分,共20分)。

1. The football under the table is____________ (he).
2. Helen____________ (visit) her grandparent on Sunday.

3. Jim likes____________ (watch) TV very much .
4. My birthday's on the______________ (three) of November.
5. It’s cool and__________________  (sun) in autumn in our hometown.
6. The boy is too young to know the _________(dangerous) of smoking.

7. The Internet makes our life nicer,  _____________(easy) and more colorful than before.

8. Jack finds it difficult to pronounce some English words ________. (correct)

9. Don’t use the lift when you escape from a high _______ during a fire. (build)  

10. Please practise as ________ (much) as you can.

五、书面表达(共15分)

假设你是李华,你的美国朋友 Tom 上个月来到北京学习。七月份你将去北京参加暑期中学生英语演讲比赛(speech contest),你在资料搜集,语言应用等方面遇到了困难。请根据以下要点给 Tom 写一封电子邮件:

询问 Tom 的生活和学习情况;

谈谈你的困难并请 Tom 帮忙;

3. 告诉 Tom 你打算赛后去看他。

注意:1. 词数:100个左右;2. 可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

Dear Tom,


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文章标题: 2018年河南经贸职业学院单独招生 《英语》考试大纲及样卷(普通类)

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